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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center

Holy and Glorious Pascha Cycle - Triodion - Preparation

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Pascha
Cycle
Triodion Prophonisimon
Sundays
Great
Lent
Palm
Sun.
Shaneeneh
Great
and
Holy
Week
Pray Fast Char-
ity

 

Pascha
Cycle
Triodion Prophon-
isimon
Sundays
1st 2nd 1st
All
Souls
Sat.
3rd 4th Great
Lent
Palm
Sun.
Sha-
nee-
neh
Great
and
Holy
Week

 

Pascha Cycle Triodion Prophon-
isimon
Sundays
Great
Lent
Transition
Period
Palm
Sun.
Shanee-
neh
Great
and
Holy
Week
Pascha Ascension Pentecost

 

The Triodion is the time of preparation for Feasts of Feasts Holy and Glorious Pascha.

Length of the Triodion

Theologians disagree on the length of the Triodion.
The Eparchy of Newton (Our Lady of the Annunciation (Al Bisharah) in Roslindale, Massachusetts, United States) published the The Lenten Triodion (four volumes). This publication contains the texts for the services fromThe Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican through Palm Sunday -- Shaneeneh.

Some theologians think that the Triodion ends and the Pentecostarion begins with the invitation to "Come, take light from the Light that never fades" at the beginning of the Hajmeh service Holy and Glorious Pascha, which is celebrated on Great and Holy Saturday night.
Hajmeh or Procession of Haste or Breaking Down the Gates of Hades
In the darkened church, the priest comes out from the Holy Doors holding his lighted Paschal candle and solemnly sings, "Come and take light from the Light that never fades; come and glorify Christ who is risen from the dead!" All the people come forward and light their candles from the priest's candle.
Then the people go out of the church to the front door. There a table is prepared for the Holy Gospel. The priest and the altar servers come out of the church to the table.
Gospel - St Mark (16:1-8))

According to the Eparchy of Newton, the Triodion has ten Sundays in three groups:

According to some theologians, the Triodion has nine weeks in three groups: Please remember that Sunday is the last day of the week during this period.

  • First three weeks: the day after the Sunday of Pharisee and the Publican until the Sunday of Cheese fare
  • Next 6 weeks: Great Lent -- Clean Monday until the last day of Great Lent and Lazarus Saturday
  • Palm Sunday -- Shaneeneh

This period is called the Triodion because only tri (3) odes are said in the canon at Orthros during this time. Usually, nine odes are said.

Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.Sun.
Name
Sun.
No.
Week
No.
      1st Sunday
Pharisee
and
Publican
1 
      2nd Sunday
Prodigal Son
21
     First
All Souls
Saturday
3th Sunday
Meat fare
32
      4th Sunday
Cheese fare
Forgiveness
43
Clean Mon.
Great Lent
First day
     Great Lent
1st Sunday

Triumph
of
Orthodoxy
54
      Great Lent
2nd Sunday

Holy Relics

Gregory
Palamas
65
      Great Lent
3rd Sunday

Veneration
of
Holy Cross
76
      Great Lent
4th Sunday

Commem-
oration
of our
Holy Father
John
Climacus
87
      Great Lent
5th Sunday

Commem-
oration
of our
Venerable
Mother
Mary
of Egypt
98
    Great Lent
Last day
Lazarus
Saturday
Palm Sunday
Shaneeneh
109

Fasting

After Meat fare Sunday, traditionally no flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha. Then, we are "vegaterian".
After Cheese fare Sunday, traditionally no product from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called "dairy products" in the United States) is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha. Then, we are "vegan".

More information on Great Lent fasting

Please remember that during this Liturgical period, Sunday is the last day of the week.

  • First Sunday, Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican
    • The week following this Sunday is a feast week.
    • During the week following this Sunday, no fasting is permitted. There is no fasting on Wednesday and Friday.
  • Second Sunday, Sunday of the Prodigal Son
    • During the week following this Sunday, the normal routine of fasting on Wednesday and Friday resumes.
    • Traditionally, the week following this Sunday is the last week during which flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
  • Third Sunday, Sunday of Meat fare
    • Traditionally, Sunday of Meat fare is the last day on which flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
    • During the week following this Sunday, there is the normal routine of fasting on Wednesday and Friday.
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, traditionally no flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten. Then, we are "vegaterian".
    • Traditionally, the week following this Sunday is the last week during which products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
  • Fourth Sunday, Sunday of Cheese fare
    • Traditionally, Sunday of Cheese fare is the last day on which products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, there is Great Lent fasting
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are not eaten. Then, we are "vegan".
Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.Sun.
  Normal
fast
 Normal
fast
 1st Sunday
Pharisee and
Publican
      2nd Sunday
Prodigal Son
  Normal
fast
 Normal
fast
 3rd Sunday
Meat fare
No meatNo meatNormal
fast
No meat
No meatNormal
fast
No meat
No meat4th Sunday
Cheese fare
Forgiveness

No meat
Clean Monday
 
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
No Fast
Fish
oil
wine
OK
No meat
No
animal
product
Great Lent
1st Sunday

Triumph
of
Orthodoxy
No Fast
Fish
oil
wine
OK
No meat
No
animal
product

Pascha Cycle

The Triodion is within the Pascha Cycle. The Triodion begins the Holy and Glorious Pascha Cycle. The first Sunday of the Triodion, Pharisee and the Publican, is the tenth Sunday before Holy and Glorious Pascha.

How to determine when First Sunday of Triodion: Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican occurs

A count back from the date of Pascha is made.

More Information

The Triodion Celebrations before Great Lent Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion

Ikon

The Triodion Celebrations before Great Lent Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion


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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center
Martha Liles
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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center is dedicated to my cousins: Bucky (Richard C. Liles) and Shirley (Shirley Jean Liles Buck). Bucky fell asleep in the Lord on Dec. 12, 2000 and Shirley fell asleep in the Lord on Nov. 8, 2001.
O God of all spirits and of all flesh, who have destroyed death, overcome the devil, and given life to the world: grant, O Lord, to the souls of your servants Bucky and Shirley, who has departed from this life, that it may rest in a place of light, in a place of happiness, in a place of peace, where there is no pain, no grief, no sighing. And since You are a gracious God and the Lover of Mankind, forgive him/her every sin he/she has committed by thought, or word, or deed, for there is not a man who lives and does not sin : You alone are without sin, your righteousness is everlasting, and your word is true. You are the Resurrection and the Life, and the repose of your departed servants Bucky and Shirley. O Christ our God, and we send up glory to You, together with your eternal Father and your all-holy, good and life-givng Spirit, now and always and for ages upon ages. Amen.

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Last Updated: Saturday, August 08, 2009, 22:30:49, CDT
The current date and time is: Friday, October 20, 2017, 21:56:55, CDT or Saturday, October 21, 2017, 02:56:55, GMT