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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center

Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ

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Jesus
Christ
Death
Jesus
Christ
Resur-
rec-
tion
Holy
Mystery
Baptism
Great
and
Holy
Friday
Holy
and
Glor-
ious
Pascha
Great
Feast
Exalta-
tion
of
Precious
and
Life-
giving
Holy
Cross
Vener-
ation
of
Holy
Cross
3rd
Sun.
Great
Lent
Feast
Proces-
sion
of
Holy
Cross
Trisagion
Hymn
is
Hymn
of
Cross

 

Memorial
Service
Jennaz
Dead
Evlogitaria
Memorial
Jennaz
Liturgical Text
Dead
Evlogitaria
Memorial
Jennaz
Liturgy John Chrysostom
Appendix 1, pages 94-98
The Eparchy of Newton
Liturgical Text
Dead
Evlogitaria
Statutes
Memorial
Jennaz
Euchologion
pages 89-91
The Eparchy of Newton
Resurrection
Evlogitaria
Statutes
Memorial
Jennaz
Liturgical Text
Resurrection
Evlogitaria
Memorial
Jennaz
Liturgical Text
Resurrection
Evlogitaria
tatutes
Memorial
Jennaz
Euchologion
pages 91 - 92
The Eparchy of Newton
Resurrection
Antiphon
Memorial
Evlogitaria
Jennaz
All
Souls
Sat.
1st
All Souls
Sat.
2d
All Souls
Sat.
Kolyva / Kollyva
Ameh
Memorial
Jennaz

 

Holy Eucharist - Consecrated Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
Holy God
Jesus Christ
Vespers
Great
and
Holy
Fri.
Holy
Mystery
Consecration
Transubstantiation
Receive
Prayers
Receive
Procedures
Divine Body
Thurs. after
1st Sun. after
Pentecost
     
Antidoron - Blessed Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
Antidoron Divine Liturgy - Kissing the cross and receiving the Antidoron Memorial Service (Jennaz with the "Evlogitaria of the Dead")
Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
Qurban
Holy Bread
Holy Seal Holy Seal
Cut particles
Arrangement
Prothesis
(Preparation)
Prothesis
Text Lamb
Particle
Prothesis
Text Theotokos
Particle
Prothesis
Text Angels Saints
Particles
Prothesis
Text Living
Particles
Prothesis
Text Dead
Particles
Prothesis
Text Holy Eucharist
Particles
Recipes Recipe
Newton 1
Recipe
Newton 2
Recipe
St. Joseph
Church
Recipe
Traditional
Recipe
Hints
Recipe
Ingredients
     

 

Jesus Christ the Teacher

Holy God the Son is the Second Person in the Holy Trinity.

Holy God is a Holy God the Holy Trinity of Three Persons while remaining One in essence: Holy God the Father, Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, and Holy God the Holy Spirit.

Holy God the Son is also called Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ.

Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is both human and divine.

Cruxifixion of Jesus Christ

Human because Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ was conceived as a human being.
The Holy Archangel Gabriel announced to Mary that she would be The Theotokos (Mother of God). Mary said yes to that annuncement (Great Feast of the Annunciation (Al Bisharah) of The Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary).
The Incarnation occured immediately after Mary said yes to the announcement of the Archangel Gabriel. Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ took flesh by the power of the Holy God the Holy Spirit and the cooperation of The Theotokos, an Ever-Lasting Virgin. Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is the only begotten Son of the Holy God the Father. This conception is called the Incarnation.

Divine because Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is the second person in the Holy God the Holy Trinity, Holy God the Son.
Holy God is a Holy Trinity of three person while remaining One in essence: Holy God the Father , Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, and Holy God the Holy Spirit.

Biography

Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ was born a Palestinian Jew in the first century A.D. He was observant of Jewish law, healed many people and preached the coming of God's Kingdom. He suffered a most cruel death at the hand of the Romans, death by crucifixion. But while dying Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ forgave his persecutors. After dying God the Father raised Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ from the the dead and placed Him at Holy God the Father's right hand, making Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ the judge of all the living and the dead.

"Eternal Life" for Us

The life and mission of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is to bring "salvation to the world".

The death and the resurrection of the human form of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ opens the possiblity of "eternal life" for us after we fall asleep in the Lord.

How can we have "eternal life"? Jesus Christ shows us by His example and tells us by His preaching.

At the parousia (Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ's second coming), Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ will offer the Kingdom of Holy God to the Holy God the Father in an act of adoration (1Cor. 15:24). Then, Holy God will be all in all.

Transubstantiation

The Holy Eucharist is the true Body and Blood of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ, present under the forms of bread and wine.

This action is called "Transubstantiation". "Transubstantiation" is the change in the bread and wine from the substance of bread and wine to the substance of the Body and Blood of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ with only the form (as taste, color, shape, and smell) of bread and wine remaining.

"Transubstantiation" happens when the bread and the wine are consecrated during Divine Liturgy.

Ceremony of Preparation of the Oblations or Prothesis before the Divine Liturgy

During the Ceremony of Preparation of the Oblations or Prothesis before the Divine Liturgy, the priest prays and cuts the Qurban based on the nine squares of the large side of the Holy Seal impression.
The center square with the IC|XC NIKA impression is symbolic of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ. The center square is called the "Lamb", is cut out with the "lance", and is pierced by the "lance".

Consecration of The Bread and The Wine

The bread and the wine are sacred gifts. The priest offers the gifts of bread and wine on behalf of the faithful, recalls the words of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ on the night on which He was delivered up for the life of the world and then, with fervent prayers (epiclesis), asks God to come down from heaven on the gifts of bread and wine to make the bread the Body of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ, and the wine the Blood of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ, changing them by the power of the Holy Spirit.

After the Consecration, the Body of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ under the appearance of bread is called "Precious Body". After the Consecration, the Blood of Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ under the appearance of wine is called the "Precious Blood".

Nicean Creed

Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is mentioned in the Nicean Creed.

"I believe in one God, Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotton Son of God, begotten of the Father before all ages: Light of light, true God of true God, begotten, not made, of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made; who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven, and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and was made man; who was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered, and was buried; who rose again on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and is enthroned at the right hand of the Father; who will come again with glory to judge the living and the dead; and of whose kingdom there shall be no end. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, who proceeds from the Father, who together with the Father and the Son is worshipped and glorified, who spoke through the prophets. In one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church. I profess one baptism for the remission of sins. I look forward to the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come." Amen.

Champions of the Incarnation

Holy Father Athanasios the Great, Archbishop of Alexandria was the greatest champion of the Incarnation.

Holy Father Athanasios the Great, Archbishop of Alexandria was the most brilliant and heroic defender of the Incarnation.
Holy Father Athanasios the Great, Archbishop of Alexandria wrote "For the Son of God became man so that we might become God" in De inc., 54, 3: PG, 192B, in his refutation of Arius at the First Ecumenical Council in 325.
A priest named Arius and his followers denied the divinity of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ. Seeking to preserve the supreme transcenence of Holy God, they taught that Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ was simply the most perfect created being, gifted with saving power by Holy God. This teaching denies that Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is Holy God and that Holy God is Three Divine Persons, the Holy Trinity.

Our Holy Father Kyrollos, Archbishop of Alexandria, defended of the divinity of Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, which was denied by Nestorius

Our Holy Father Kyrollos of Alexandria was the brilliant and heroic defender of the divinity of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.
In the 5th Century, Our Holy Father Kyrollos of Alexandria defended of the divinity of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, which was denied by Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople. Nestorius refused to call Mary "Theotokos" (the Mother of God). Instead, Nestorius and his followers called her "Christotokos" (Mother of Christ). They believed that Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ was a very holy man sent by God but was not Himself the Holy Son of Holy God, that is Holy God the Holy Son.
In 431, at the Third Ecumenical Council held in Ephesos, Our Holy Father Kyrollos of Alexandria presided in the name of Pope Celestinus. Also, Our Holy Father Kyrollos was the most influential speaker at the Council. Our Holy Father Kyrollos of Alexandria upheld the true doctrine that Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ is both fully Holy God and fully Man.

Champion of the Holy Trinity

St. Meletios, Archbishop of Antioch, defended of the substantial unity of the Holy Trinity, which was denied by Arius

St. Meletios, Archbishop of Antioch taught about the Holy Trinity not only with words but also with his fingers.
In 381 at the 2nd Ecumenical Council in Constantinople, St. Meletios of Antioch raised three fingers, then brought them together to show the unity of the Holy Trinity. At that moment a heavenly light flashed from his hand, confirming the truth of his words.
A priest named Arius and his followers denied the divinity of of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ. Seeking to preserve the supreme transcenence of Holy God, they taught that Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ was simply the most perfect created being, gifted with saving power by Holy God. This teaching denies that Holy God is Three Divine Persons.

Letters on the Ikons "IE|XE" (IE XE) or "IC|XC" (IC XC)

Language/form of lettersLetters
Greek using Greek letters"IE" (Iota and Sigma) or "XE" (Chi and Sigma)
Anglicized Greek using English letters"IC" (Iota and Sigma) or "XC" (Chi and Sigma)

The letters "IE|XE" or "IC|XC" (with the bar above them) is the Greek contraction/abbreviation for Jesus Christ.

NameContraction/abbreviationContraction/abbreviation lettersWord letters
IÍsous (Jesus)"IE" or "IC"Iota and Sigma.Ioto, Epsilon, Sigma, Omicron, Upsilon, and Sigma.
Christos/Kristos (Christ)"XE" or "XC"Chi and Sigma.Chi, Rho, Iota, Simga, Tau, Omicron, and Sigma.

These letters appear as: The letters IC|XC with the abbreviation bar

Bar above the Letters

In Greek, the bar above the letters means a contraction/abbreviation.
On ikons of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, often the "IE" or "IC" (with the bar above them) is on the left of Him and the "XE" or "XC" (with the bar above them) is on the right of Him.

Hymns on Web

Greek Catholic, Melkite Al-Bushra

Great Feast Days

Major events in the life of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ are commemorated on feast days. The order is the chronological, from Annunciation (Al Bisharah) to Ascension.

 

Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ's Feast of Feasts and Great Feasts
FeastEvent
Commem-
orated
Action
of Event
Significance
of Event
CelebrateApostolosGospelDateClass
Annun-
ciation
of
Theotokos
Ever
Virgin Mary
Jesus
Christ's

conception
in
human
form
Incar-
nation.
Future
Theotokos'
accepting
Holy God's will
saying yes
to Holy God.
Holy God
becomes
human
Incar-
nation.
Beginning
of process
of our
redemption.
Heb.
2:11-18
Lk.
1:24-38
25
March
Great
Feast
Class
2
Nativity
According
to Flesh
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
Jesus
Christ's

birth
in
human
form.
Jesus
Christ
being born
in human
form.
Messiah
is born.
Jesus
Christ's
birthday.
Gal.
4:4-7
Mt.
2:1-12
25
Dec.
Great
Feast
Class
1
Circum-
cision
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
Jesus
Christ's

Naming
and
Circum-
cision.
Jesus
Christ
submitted
to
Mosaic
Law.
Jesus
Christ
is
named
Jesus
Christ's
Naming
and
Circum-
cision.
Col.
2:8-12
Lk.
2:20-21,
40-52
1
Jan.
Feast
Class
3
ºHoly
Hypapanty
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ

ºPurifi-
cation
of
Theotokos
ºJesus
Christ's

presen-
tation
at Temple.


ºTheotokos'
purification.
Theotokos
bringing
Jesus
Christ
to Temple
at prescribed
time
for prescribed
rituals.
Messiah's
first
meeting
with
His
people.
A step
in process
of our
redemption.
Heb.
7:7-17
Lk.
2:22-40
2
Feb.
Great
Feast
Class
2
Holy
Theophany
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
Jesus
Christ's

baptism
Holy
Prophet
and
Glorious
Fore-
runner
John Baptist

baptizing
Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
in
River
Jordan.
ºAs an
adult,
Jesus
Christ
shows
His
people
that He
is Holy God
(manifestation
Jesus
Christ
to the world).

ºHoly God
shows
His
people
that Holy God
is a
Holy Trinity.
ºJesus
Christ
is Holy God.

ºHoly God
is a
Holy
Trinity
Tim.
2:11-14,
3:4-7
Mt.
3:13-17
6
Jan.
Great
Feast
Class
1
Transfig-
uration
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
Jesus
Christ's

transfig-
uration
Jesus
Christ
showing
His
disciples
"...as
much of
His glory
as they
could
behold...".
Jesus
Christ
is both
fully
Holy God
and
fully man.
ºReve-
lation
of glory
of
Holy God

ºConfir-
mation
of two
natures
of
Jesus
Christ
both
fully
Holy God
and
fully
human.
2
Pet.
1:10-19
Mt.
17:1-9
6
Aug.
Great
Feast
Class
1
Triumphal
Entry
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ into
Jerusalem
Holy and
Glorious
Palm Sun.
Shaneeneh
Jesus
Christ's

triumphal
entrance
into
Jerusalem.
Children
throwing
garments
into
Jesus
Christ's
path,
pulling down
branches
from olive
and palm
trees,
putting them
in the
road,
and
waving them
in air,
shouting
"Hosanna!
Blessed is
He
who
comes
in the
name
of the Lord!"
Jesus
Christ's
people
hailing Him
as Messiah.
Jesus
Christ
is
Messiah.
Phil.
4:4-9
John
12:1-18
7
days
before
Pascha
Great
Feast
Class
1
Great and
Holy Friday
Jesus
Christ's

death
in
human form
on
Holy Cross
Jesus
Christ
dies on
Holy Cross
Holy God
redeems
our souls.
We have
possi-
bility
of
"eternal
life".
1
Cor.
1:18-24
John
5:48-55
2
days
before
Pascha
Great
Holy
Fri.
Holy and
Glorious
Pascha
Jesus
Christ's

resurrection
in
human form
Jesus
Christ
rising
from dead
and giving
"eternal
life"
to good.
ºJesus
Christ
is Holy God.

ºOpening
possi-
bility
of
"eternal
life"
ºJesus
Christ's
victory
over
death.

ºWe have
possi-
bility
of
"eternal
life".
Acts
1:1-9
John
1:1-17
1st
Sun.
after
1st
full
moon
after
03/20
Ear-
liest
is
03/22
latest
is
04/25.
Feasts
of
Feasts
Ascension
into Heaven
of Our Lord,
God
Savior,
Jesus
Christ
Jesus
Christ's

ascension
in
human form
into heaven.
Jesus
Christ
going
to heaven.
Jesus
Christ
is Holy God.
Jesus
Christ's
victory
over
death.
Acts
1:1-12
Lk.
24:36-53
40th
day
of
Pascha
Great
Feast
Class
1
Exaltation
of Precious
and
Lifegiving
Holy Cross
Jesus
Christ's

Holy Cross
is found.
ºSt Helena
finding
Holy Cross

ºRecovering
Holy Cross
from
Persians,
returning
It to
Jerusalem,
and
raising
It up
(exalting).
Holy Cross
is a sign
of glory
and victory.
Jesus
Christ's
victory
over death.
1
Cor.
1:18-24
John
19:6-11,
13-20,
25-28a,
30-35a
14
Sept.
Great
Feast
Class
1

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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center
Martha Liles
Web URL address: Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center or http://www.mliles.com/melkite/
E-mail: mliles@mliles.com or mliles@mliles.com

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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center is dedicated to my cousins: Bucky (Richard C. Liles) and Shirley (Shirley Jean Liles Buck). Bucky fell asleep in the Lord on Dec. 12, 2000 and Shirley fell asleep in the Lord on Nov. 8, 2001.
O God of all spirits and of all flesh, who have destroyed death, overcome the devil, and given life to the world: grant, O Lord, to the souls of your servants Bucky and Shirley, who has departed from this life, that it may rest in a place of light, in a place of happiness, in a place of peace, where there is no pain, no grief, no sighing. And since You are a gracious God and the Lover of Mankind, forgive him/her every sin he/she has committed by thought, or word, or deed, for there is not a man who lives and does not sin : You alone are without sin, your righteousness is everlasting, and your word is true. You are the Resurrection and the Life, and the repose of your departed servants Bucky and Shirley. O Christ our God, and we send up glory to You, together with your eternal Father and your all-holy, good and life-givng Spirit, now and always and for ages upon ages. Amen.

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Last Updated: Sunday, January 10, 2010, 19:56:16, CST
The current date and time is: Wednesday, August 16, 2017, 20:43:26, CDT or Thursday, August 17, 2017, 01:43:26, GMT