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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center

Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread) for Holy Eucharist and the Antidoron

Holy Eucharist - Consecrated Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
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Antidoron - Blessed Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
Antidoron Divine Liturgy - Kissing the cross and receiving the Antidoron Memorial Service (Jennaz with the "Evlogitaria of the Dead")
Leavened Qurban (Holy Bread)
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Qurban is a flat, round bread about 6 to 8 inches in diameter. Qurban can be leavened or unleavened.
Leavened means that the bread rises while baking. Yeast is a necessary ingredient for the bread to rise.

  • Leavened Qurban has yeast as an ingredient and the bread rises during baking.
  • Unleavened Qurban does not have yeast as an ingredient and the bread does not rise during baking.

Qurban is probably the bread that Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ ate daily. Qurban is still the basic traditional bread in the area where Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ lived.

The Mystical Supper

At a Passover meal during the time of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, an unleavened version of this bread was used. The Mystical Supper (Last Supper) of Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ is understood as a Passover meal. If the The Mystical Supper was a Passover meal, an unleavened version of Qurban was used.

Leavened Qurban

The Qurban used for Holy Eucharist and the Antidoron is leavened.

Leavened Qurban is used for Holy Eucharist and and for the Antidoron because it symbolizes the living, risen Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, given to us at the Mystical Supper (Last Super).
The Mystical Supper is commemorated during Vespers on Great and Holy Friday. This Vespers includes the Divine Liturgy of Our Father among the Saints Basil the Great and commemorates The Mystical Supper and institution of Holy Eucharist. The Vespers of Great and Holy Friday is celebrated on Great and Holy Thursday morning.

Leavened Qurban is used for Holy Eucharist and Antidoron:

Holy EucharistAntidoron
Consecrated Leavened Qurban is the Holy Eucharist. Blessed Leavened Qurban is Antidoron
Leavened Qurban is consecrated during the Divine Liturgy.
At the Consecration, Qurban is changed into the Body and Blood of Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ under the appearance of Bread (transsubstantiation) to become the Holy Mystery of the Holy Eucharist.
ºLeavened Qurban is blessed to become Antidoron after the Consecration during the Divine Liturgy. Antidoron is the particles of the Levened Qurban (Holy Bread) which were not consecrated or particles of another unconsecrated Levened Qurban (Holy Bread) loaf.
Antidoron was originally intended as a blessing for those unable to receive the Holy Mystery of the Holy Eucharist.
ºLeavened Qurban is blessed to become Antidoron during the Memorial Service (Jennaz with the "Evlogitaria of the Dead") for the people who have fallen asleep in the Lord.
Holy Eucharist (Holy Communion) is distributed during the Divine Liturgy to the people who have recieved the Three Holy Mysteries of Christian Illumination. º Antidoron is distributed immediately following the Divine Liturgy to all the people.
º Antidoron is distributed immediately following the Memorial Service (Jennaz with the "Evlogitaria of the Dead") to all the people.

Number of Loaves Made

Traditionally, five loaves are made to represent the two fish and five loaves that Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ blessed to feed the crowd.

  • Two loaves are large for Holy Eucharist
  • Three loaves are small for the Antidoron and for family.

Leavened or Unleavened bread for Holy Eucharist

  • Leavened Bread
    is used by Byzantine Christians (Catholic and Orthodox) for Holy Eucharist because they understand that the Holy Eucharist symbolizes the living, risen Holy God the Son within the Holy Trinity / Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ, given to us in the Mystical Supper.
  • Unleavened Bread
    is used by Latin Catholics for Holy Eucharist because they understand the Mystical Supper as a Passover meal, when unleavened bread is used.

Holy Seal

The Qurban must have a clear Holy Seal or (IC|XC NIKA Stamp) impression.

During the Ceremony of Preparation of the Oblations or Prothesis before the Divine Liturgy, the priest prays and cuts the Qurban based on the nine squares of the large side of the Holy Seal impression.

Name

"Qurban" is sometimes called "Holy Bread" or "Blesssed Bread".
"Qurban" translated into Greek is "Prosphora" or "Prosphoron". These words mean "offering".
"Qurban" is pronounced with the "Q" is silent.


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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center
Martha Liles
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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center is dedicated to my cousins: Bucky (Richard C. Liles) and Shirley (Shirley Jean Liles Buck). Bucky fell asleep in the Lord on Dec. 12, 2000 and Shirley fell asleep in the Lord on Nov. 8, 2001.
O God of all spirits and of all flesh, who have destroyed death, overcome the devil, and given life to the world: grant, O Lord, to the souls of your servants Bucky and Shirley, who has departed from this life, that it may rest in a place of light, in a place of happiness, in a place of peace, where there is no pain, no grief, no sighing. And since You are a gracious God and the Lover of Mankind, forgive him/her every sin he/she has committed by thought, or word, or deed, for there is not a man who lives and does not sin : You alone are without sin, your righteousness is everlasting, and your word is true. You are the Resurrection and the Life, and the repose of your departed servants Bucky and Shirley. O Christ our God, and we send up glory to You, together with your eternal Father and your all-holy, good and life-givng Spirit, now and always and for ages upon ages. Amen.

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The current date and time is: Wednesday, August 16, 2017, 20:37:32, CDT or Thursday, August 17, 2017, 01:37:32, GMT