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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center

Holy and Glorious Pascha Cycle - Pre-Preparation - Triodion - Prophonisimon - Fourth Sunday of the Triodion: Sunday of Cheese fare or Cheese-Fare or Cheesefare / Sunday of Forgiveness - First Day Before Great Lent - Preparation for Great Lent

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Pascha
Cycle
Triodion Prophon-
isimon
Sundays
1st 2nd 1st
All
Souls
Sat.
3rd 4th Great
Lent
Palm
Sun.
Sha-
nee-
neh
Great
and
Holy
Week

 

 

Triodion or Pascha Cycle
SundayNameDay
before
Great
Lent
ApostolosGospelGospel
Action
Impor-
tant
that
day
Fasting
follow-
ing
week
FourthCheese fare
/
Forgiveness
1Rom.
13:11b-14:4
Mt.
6:14-21
Short
Service
Forgiveness
Hear
about
helping
someone
who is
needy or
sick or
suffering,
we are
helping
Christ-
God
Himself
Tradition
last
day
products
from
animal
with
spine /
backbone,
such as
milk,
eggs,
butter,
cheese,
yogurt,
cottage
cheese,
are
eaten
until
Pascha
Great
Lent
fasting

The Fourth Sunday has the name "Cheese fare" because traditionally this Sunday was the last day on which products from an animal (mammals, birds, and shellfish), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) were eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha. These products from an animal are forbidden according to the traditional fasting rules. Then, we are "vegan".

The Fourth Sunday also has the name "Forgiveness Sunday". This Sunday has this name for two reasons. The first reason is the Gospel reading, which tells us that unless we forgive others, we should not expect God to forgive us. The second reason is because there is a Service of Forgiveness this evening during the Vespers of Clean Monday.

The Service of Forgiveness should be done during the Vespers of Clean Monday this evening. But, some parishes do the Service of Forgiveness at the end of the Divine Liturgy.

Gospel Mt. 6:14-21

In the Gospel for the Fourth Sunday of the Triodion, the Sunday of the Cheese Fare, we hear about about helping someone who is needy or sick or suffering, we are helping Our Lord God and Saviour, Jesus Christ, who is Holy God Himself. Also, the Gospel puts fasting into the correct perspective.

Kontakion, Troparion, Exapostilarion, and Vespers Sticheron or Doxastichon

KONTAKION (TONE I)
O You who guide men towards wisdom and give them intelligence and understanding, Instructor of the Ignorant and helper of the Poor : strengthen and enlighten my heart, O Lord! O Word of God, grant that I may speak, for behold I will not keep my lips from crying out to You : "O Compassionate One, have mercy on me who have fallen!"

VESPERS STICHERON (TONE 6)
Most honored Paradise, garden of beauty and delight, dwelling-place made perfect by God, unending gladness and rejoicing, delight of prophets and home of saints: by the harmony of your rustling leaves, beseech the Creator of All that He may open to me the gates I had closed by my sins, and that I may be made worthy once more to partake of the Tree of life and bliss which You had made mine from the beginning.

Fasting

  • Fourth Sunday, Sunday of Cheese fare
    • Traditionally, Sunday of Cheese fare is the last day on which products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, there is Great Lent fasting
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are not eaten. Then, we are "vegan".

Service of Forgiveness During the Vespers of Clean Monday

A Service of Forgiveness is said during the Vespers of Clean Monday on this evening.

Pascha Cycle

The Triodion is within the Pascha Cycle.
Fourth Sunday of Triodion: Sunday of Cheese fare is the fourth Sunday of the Pascha Cycle.This Sunday is the seventh Sunday before Holy and Glorious Pascha.
This Sunday is the Last Sunday before the beginning of Great Lent. Also, this Sunday is the day before Clean Monday. Great Lent begins at the beginning of the Vespers of Clean Monday on this evening.

How to determine when the Fourth Sunday of Triodion: Sunday of Cheesefare / Forgiveness occurs

A count back from the date of Pascha is made.

More Information

Cheese-fare Sunday Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion

Ikon

Cheese-fare Sunday Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion

Prophonisimon
SundayNameDay
before
Great
Lent
ApostolosGospelGospel
Action
Impor-
tant
that
day
Fasting
follow-
ing
week
FirstPharisee
and
Publican
222 Cor.
4:6-15
Lk.
18:10-14
Hear
about
how
to pray
and act
 No
fasting
SecondProdigal Son15Heb.
7:26-8:2
Lk.
15:11-32
Heard
about
God's
eagerness
to
forgive
us sinners
when we
repent
 Normal
fasting
(Wed.
and
Fri.)
First
All Souls
Saturday
 9     
ThirdMeat fare

Last
Judgement
81 Cor.
8:8-13
9:1-2
Mt.
25:31-46
Hear
about
judgement
that those
who do
not repent,
and
who do
not obey
God's will,
bring upon
themselves
Tradition
last
day
flesh
(skin and
meat)
from a
vertebrate
and shellfish
is
eaten
until
Pascha
Normal
fasting
(Wed.
and
Fri.)
No
meat
FourthCheese fare
/
Forgiveness
1Rom.
13:11b-14:4
Mt.
6:14-21
Short
Service
Forgiveness
Hear
about
helping
someone
who is
needy or
sick or
suffering,
we are
helping
Christ-
God
Himself
Tradition
last
day
products
from
animal
with
spine /
backbone,
such as
milk,
eggs,
butter,
cheese,
yogurt,
cottage
cheese,
are
eaten
until
Pascha
Great
Lent
fasting

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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center
Martha Liles
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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center is dedicated to my cousins: Bucky (Richard C. Liles) and Shirley (Shirley Jean Liles Buck). Bucky fell asleep in the Lord on Dec. 12, 2000 and Shirley fell asleep in the Lord on Nov. 8, 2001.
O God of all spirits and of all flesh, who have destroyed death, overcome the devil, and given life to the world: grant, O Lord, to the souls of your servants Bucky and Shirley, who has departed from this life, that it may rest in a place of light, in a place of happiness, in a place of peace, where there is no pain, no grief, no sighing. And since You are a gracious God and the Lover of Mankind, forgive him/her every sin he/she has committed by thought, or word, or deed, for there is not a man who lives and does not sin : You alone are without sin, your righteousness is everlasting, and your word is true. You are the Resurrection and the Life, and the repose of your departed servants Bucky and Shirley. O Christ our God, and we send up glory to You, together with your eternal Father and your all-holy, good and life-givng Spirit, now and always and for ages upon ages. Amen.

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Last Updated: Saturday, August 08, 2009, 22:29:51, CDT
The current date and time is: Monday, December 18, 2017, 03:03:14, CST or Monday, December 18, 2017, 09:03:14, GMT