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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center

Holy and Glorious Pascha Cycle - Pre-Preparation - Triodion - Prophonisimon - First Four Sundays of the Triodion - Preparation for Great Lent

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Pascha
Cycle
Triodion Prophon-
isimon
Sundays
1st 2nd 1st
All
Souls
Sat.
3rd 4th Great
Lent
Palm
Sun.
Sha-
nee-
neh
Great
and
Holy
Week

 

 

Preparation

The Triodion is the time of preparation for Holy and Glorious Pascha. The first section of the Triodion, the Prophonisimon, is the time of preparation for Great Lent. Prophonisimon means the "Announcing". What is announced is Great Lent. The Prophonisimon, has four Sundays: Pharisee and the Publican, the Prodigal Son, Meat fare, and Cheese fare and one Saturday of the Dead.

Prophonisimon
SundayNameDay
before
Great
Lent
ApostolosGospelGospel
Action
Impor-
tant
that
day
Fasting
follow-
ing
week
FirstPharisee
and
Publican
222 Cor.
4:6-15
Lk.
18:10-14
Hear
about
how
to pray
and act
 No
fasting
SecondProdigal Son15Heb.
7:26-8:2
Lk.
15:11-32
Heard
about
God's
eagerness
to
forgive
us sinners
when we
repent
 Normal
fasting
(Wed.
and
Fri.)
First
All Souls
Saturday
 9     
ThirdMeat fare

Last
Judgement
81 Cor.
8:8-13
9:1-2
Mt.
25:31-46
Hear
about
judgement
that those
who do
not repent,
and
who do
not obey
God's will,
bring upon
themselves
Tradition
last
day
flesh
(skin and
meat)
from a
vertebrate
and shellfish
is
eaten
until
Pascha
Normal
fasting
(Wed.
and
Fri.)
No
meat
FourthCheese fare
/
Forgiveness
1Rom.
13:11b-14:4
Mt.
6:14-21
Short
Service
Forgiveness
Hear
about
helping
someone
who is
needy or
sick or
suffering,
we are
helping
Christ-
God
Himself
Tradition
last
day
products
from
animal
with
spine /
backbone,
such as
milk,
eggs,
butter,
cheese,
yogurt,
cottage
cheese,
are
eaten
until
Pascha
Great
Lent
fasting

Fasting

After Meat fare Sunday, traditionally no flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha. Then, we are "vegaterian".
After Cheese fare Sunday, traditionally no product from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha. Then, we are "vegan".

More information on Great Lent fasting

Please remember that during this Liturgical period, Sunday is the last day of the week.

  • First Sunday, Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican
    • The week following this Sunday is a feast week.
    • During the week following this Sunday, no fasting is permitted. There is no fasting on Wednesday and Friday.
  • Second Sunday, Sunday of the Prodigal Son
    • During the week following this Sunday, the normal routine of fasting on Wednesday and Friday resumes.
    • Traditionally, the week following this Sunday is the last week during which flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish, is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
  • Third Sunday, Sunday of Meat fare
    • Traditionally, Sunday of Meat fare is the last day on which flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
    • During the week following this Sunday, there is the normal routine of fasting on Wednesday and Friday.
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, traditionally no flesh (skin and meat) from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), and shellfish is eaten. Then, we are "vegaterian".
    • Traditionally, the week following this Sunday is the last week during which products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
  • Fourth Sunday, Sunday of Cheese fare
    • Traditionally, Sunday of Cheese fare is the last day on which products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are eaten until Holy and Glorious Pascha.
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, there is Great Lent fasting
    • Traditionally during the period following this Sunday until Holy and Glorious Pascha, products from a vertebrate, which is an animal with a spine / backbone (mammals, birds, fish, etc.), such as milk, eggs, butter, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc. (these items are often called dairy products in the United States) are not eaten.
Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.Sun.
  Normal
fast
 Normal
fast
 1st Sunday
Pharisee and
Publican
      2nd Sunday
Prodigal Son
  Normal
fast
 Normal
fast
 3rd Sunday
Meat fare
No meatNo meatNormal
fast
No meat
No meatNormal
fast
No meat
No meat4th Sunday
Cheese fare
Forgiveness

No meat
Clean Monday
 
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
Lenten
Fast
No meat
No
animal
product
No Fast
Fish
oil
wine
OK
No meat
No
animal
product
Great Lent
1st Sunday

Triumph
of
Orthodoxy
No Fast
Fish
oil
wine
OK
No meat
No
animal
product

Pascha Cycle

The Triodion is within the Pascha Cycle. The Triodion begins the Holy and Glorious Pascha Cycle. The first Sunday of the Triodion, Pharisee and the Publican, is the tenth Sunday before Holy and Glorious Pascha.

How to determine when First Sunday of Triodion: Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican occurs

A count back from the date of Pascha is made.

More Information

The Triodion Celebrations before Great Lent Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion

Ikon

The Triodion Celebrations before Great Lent Saint Joseph Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Click on Triodion


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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center
Martha Liles
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Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center is dedicated to my cousins: Bucky (Richard C. Liles) and Shirley (Shirley Jean Liles Buck). Bucky fell asleep in the Lord on Dec. 12, 2000 and Shirley fell asleep in the Lord on Nov. 8, 2001.
O God of all spirits and of all flesh, who have destroyed death, overcome the devil, and given life to the world: grant, O Lord, to the souls of your servants Bucky and Shirley, who has departed from this life, that it may rest in a place of light, in a place of happiness, in a place of peace, where there is no pain, no grief, no sighing. And since You are a gracious God and the Lover of Mankind, forgive him/her every sin he/she has committed by thought, or word, or deed, for there is not a man who lives and does not sin : You alone are without sin, your righteousness is everlasting, and your word is true. You are the Resurrection and the Life, and the repose of your departed servants Bucky and Shirley. O Christ our God, and we send up glory to You, together with your eternal Father and your all-holy, good and life-givng Spirit, now and always and for ages upon ages. Amen.

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